Conversations 

Expressing possibilities, concern and starting a new topic.

Transcriptions

Indicating possibility

1)
A:今天中午你在餐厅见得到小张吗?
B:我见得到他。有什么事儿?
A:请你把这本书给他,好吗?
B:没问题。
A: Jīntiān zhōngwǔ nǐ zài cāntīng jiàn de dào xiǎo zhāng ma?
B: Wǒ jiàn de dào tā. Yǒu shénme shìr?
A: Qǐng nǐ bǎ zhè běn shū gěi tā, hǎo ma?
B: Méi wèntí.
2)
A:咱们一起来照张相吧。这样站,行吗?
B:力波,你得向宋华靠近(1)一点儿,要不,就照不上了。
A: Zánmen yìqǐ lái zhào zhāng xiàng ba. Zhèyàng zhàn, xíng ma?
B: Lìbō, nǐ děi xiàng Sòng Huá kàojìn(1) yìdiǎnr, yàobu, jiù zhào bú shàng le.
3)
A:喂,大为在吗?
B:哪位?请大点儿声,我听不清楚。
A:听出来了吗?我是谁?
B:对不起,我还是听不出来。
A: Wéi, Dàwéi zài ma?
B: Nǎ wèi? Qǐng dà diǎnr sheng, wǒ tīng bù qīngchǔ.
A: Tīng chū lái le ma? Wǒ shì shuí?
B: Duìbuqǐ, wǒ háishì tīng bù chūlái.

 

Expressing concern
1)
A:你觉得这次足球比赛的结果怎样?
B:怎么说呢?我们系足球队刚刚建立(2)说实在的(3),我有点儿担心。
A:可不,我担心的是大宋可能不参加,他是队里技术(4)最好的。
A: nǐ juéde zhè cì zúqiú bǐsài de jiéguǒ zěnyàng?
B: Zěnme shuō ne? Wǒmen xì zúqiú duì gānggāng jiànlì(2), shuō shízàide(3), wǒ yǒudiǎnr dānxīn.
A: Kěbù, wǒ dānxīn de shì Dàsòng kěnéng bù cānjiā, tā shì duì lǐ jìshù(4) zuì hǎo de.
2)
A:这么晚了,他还没有回来。我担心他路上会不会出问题。
B:是啊,他开车开得太快,真让人不放心。
A: Zhème wǎn le, tā hái méiyǒu huílai. Wǒ dānxīn tā lùshang huìbúhuì chū wèntí.
B: Shì’a, tā kāichē kāi de tài kuài, zhēn ràng rén bú fàngxīn.

 

Bringing up a topic of conversation
1)
A:你们可能不知道,今年的夏令营(5)不办了。
B:是吗?真不巧(6),我朋友今年想参加夏令营。
A: Nǐmen kěnéng bù zhīdào, jīnnián de xiàlìngyíng(5) bú bàn le.
B: Shì ma? Zhēn bù qiǎo(6) , wǒ péngyou jīnnián xiǎng cānjiā xiàlìngyíng.
2)
A:真想不到,今天会到31度。
B:是啊,昨天还不到20度。
A: Zhēn xiǎng bú dào, jīntiān huì dào sānshíyī dù.
B: Shì’a, zuótiān hái búdào èrshí dù.
3)
A:对了,去植物园(7)参观的事儿你告诉琳娜了没有?
B:我还没有找到她呢。我说,上次你借的那本书,看完了没有?
A: Duìle, qù zhíwùyuán(7) cānguān de shìr nǐ gàosu Lín Nà le méiyǒu?
B: Wǒ hái méiyǒu zhǎodào tā ne. Wǒ shuō, shàngcì nǐ jiè de nà běn shū, kàn wán le méiyǒu?

 

Vocabulary

1) 靠近 kàojìn v. to get closer to

2) 建立 jiànlì v. to sep up, to build

3) 说实在的 shuō shízài de to tell you the truth

4) 技术 jìshù n. skill

5) 夏令营 xiàlìngyín n. summer camp

6) 巧 qiǎo adj. coincidental, lucky

7) 植物园 zhíwùyuán n. botanic garden

Explanations

1)见得到(jiàn de dào),照不上(zhào bú shàng),听不出来(tīng bù chūlái) are all structures indicating possibilities. We use ‘verb+得/不+resultive or directional complement’ to show that a result can or cannot be achieved. Here, these three phrase respectively means ‘able to see sb.’ ‘unable to be in the photo’ ‘able to hear (and recognize)’. Other examples are 你说什么?我听不到。(Nǐ shuō shénme? Wǒ tīng bú dào.) What did you say? I cannot hear. 你买了这么多菜,吃得完吗?(Nǐ diǎnle zhème duō cài, chī de wán ma? You bought so many dished. Can you eat them up?
2)可不(kě bù) literally means ‘but not’, but when used alone in a conversation, it actually shows your agreement. A similar one is 可不是(kě búshì), which works in the same way.

Vocabulary Exercise

Choose one word below to fill in each blank.
A.靠近kàojìn  B.建立jiànlì  C.技术jìshù  
D.巧qiǎo  E.可不kěbù  F.放心fàngxīn  G.借jiè
 

1.你做饭的(   )越来越好了,今天做得这么好吃!
1. Nǐ zuòfàn de (   ) yuè lái yuè hǎo le, jīntiān zuò de zhème hǎochī. 
2.新中国是1949年(   )的。
2. Xīn Zhōngguó shì 1949 nián (   ) de. 
3.我不想把自行车(   )给他,他总是会弄坏。
3. Wǒ bù xiǎng bǎ zìxíngchē (   ) gěi tā, tā zǒngshì huì nònghuài. 
4.你也喜欢这部电影吗?真(   )!
4. Nǐ yě xǐhuan zhè bù diànyǐng ma? Zhēn (   ) !
5.请(   ),我会照顾好你的狗。
5. Qǐng (   ), wǒ huì zhàogù hǎo nǐ de gǒu. 
6.他总是喜欢(   )漂亮的女孩子。
6. Tā zǒngshì xǐhuan (   ) piàoliang de nǚháizǐ. 

Answers

True or False (Indicating possibility) 1.F 2.T 3.F (Expressing concern) 1.T 2.F (Bringing up a topic of conversation) 1.T 2.F 3.F
Choose one word 1.C 2.B 3.G 4.D 5.F 6.A

Listening Exercise

Listen to the audio and choose True or False for each sentence below. (One for each small dialogue)
Indicating possibility
1.小张中午不会去餐厅。(   )
1. Xiǎo Zhāng zhōngwǔ bú huì qù canting. (   )
2.力波应该向宋华靠近一点儿。(   )
2. Lìbō yīnggāi xiàng Sòng Huá kàojìn yìdiǎnr. (   )
3.大卫知道谁给他打电话。(   )
3. Dàwéi zhīdào shéi gěi tā dǎ diànhuà. (   )
Expressing concern
1.他们都很担心这次足球比赛。(   )
1. Tāmen dōu hěn dānxīn zhè cì zúqiú bǐsài. (   )
2.他们担心那个人不会开车。(   )
2. Tāmen dānxīn nàge rén bú huì kāichē. (   )
Bringing up a topic of conversation
1.今年没有夏令营。(   )
1. Jīnnián méiyǒu xiàlìngyíng. (   )
2.昨天也很热。(   )
2. Zuótiān yě hěn rè, (   )
3.第二个人已经告诉了琳娜去植物园的事儿。(   )
3. Dì èr gè rén yǐjīng gàosu le Lín Nà qù zhíwùyuán de shìr. (   )

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